Malaysia is a country located in a strategic central position in South East Asia between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. It consists of Peninsula (West) Malaysia which is on the Asian mainland and East Malaysia situated on the island of Borneo.They are separated by the South China Sea. To the north, Peninsula, Malaysia shares a land border with Thailand, while to the south it is connected to Singapore by a causeway and a bridge. Most of the population of Malaysia live in Peninsula Malaysia which is more developed in terms of infra structure, economy and technology. East Malaysia is endowed with natural resources, unique wildlife and majestic mountains. Malaysia has a total of thirteen states and three federal territories..Peninsula Malaysia has 11 states and two federal territories while East Malaysia has 2 states and one federal territory.
Malaysia is a tropical paradise and has a special charm of its’ own with a mixture of traditional and the modern elements. Through the years, Malaysia has become one of the top travel destinations in the world. From pristine beaches, idyllic islands, majestic mountain mountains, unique wildlife, breathtaking scenery, beautiful sunsets, Malaysia has it all. One can also experience the diverse culture, incredible cuisine, various festivals and the rich history of this country. Malaysia also has many well preserved heritage sites which are worth visiting and is also a mecca for shopping. One can explore colonial architecture, magical caves and luxuriant rainforests in this fascinating country.
Malaysia is situated near the equator and has a tropical climate with high temperatures, lots of sunshine and rain It is usually humid and hot in the cities, cooler in the “Highlands” like Cameron Highlands, Genting Highlands where the land is higher. than many parts of the country. Average temperatures range from about 32°C during the daytime to 26°C at night. It is not so hot on the islands of Malaysia because of the cool breezes blowing over them. Every day is a sunny day, there is no summer, autumn or winter in Malaysia.
From November to March, the north-east monsoon brings very heavy rain to the east coast of Peninsula Malaysia and Western Sarawak on the island of Borneo. Due to the rough weather, the resorts on the islands of Redang, Tioman and Perhentian are closed. The seas can be wild and stormy and the boats and ferries are unable to bring the tourists to the islands. However, during this time, tourists can visit places like Penang, Langkawi and other tourist areas on the west coast which are unaffected. During late May to September, Malaysia experience the south-west monsoon which brings hotter and drier weather. This is the best time to go and do outdoor activities like diving off the islands, jungle trekking to see the natural habitat and the unique wildlife or even climb a mountain.
The population of Malaysia is about 31 million people, comprising many ethnic groups who have lived together in harmony for many generations. The largest ethnic group is the Malays making up to more than 50% of the population, followed by Chinese at 27% , Indians 9% and many other ethnic indigenous people. All these diverse cultures have resulted in a multicultural society where there is a profusion of religions, festivals as well as food. Malaysia is truly a melting pot with her unique heritage and culture. Malaysia is a secular state with Islam as the state religion. Freedom to practice other religions is guaranteed under the Constitution Of Malaysia.
The official language of Malaysia is Bahasa Malaysia (Malay ) while English is widely spoken in the larger towns and cities. The sign boards and information at the tourist spots are usually written in Malay, English and sometimes in Mandarin. Most of the Chinese community speak Mandarin and many other Chinese dialects.The Indians have their Tamil language, other languages include Punjabi and Telugu. There is also a variety of languages among the other ethnic groups and indigenous people of Malaysia. In total, there are 137 living languages in Malaysia, with 41 of these languages spoken in Peninsula Malaysia.